Bipolar depression alters a person’s energy, mood, and capacity for function. Those with bipolar depression go through severe emotional or mood swings that normally last a few days to a few weeks. These mood swings might be classified as either depressed or manic). However, most people with bipolar depression or other forms of bipolar disorder also have times of neutral mood.1
Life can be severely disrupted by bipolar illness, although each person experiences it differently. Many people with this illness have fulfilling lives with the proper care and assistance. According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI), bipolar illness affects about ten million people in the United States, or around 2.8% of the population.2
The International Bipolar Association states that every person can experience bipolar depression symptoms differently. An episode may last months for some while lasting years for others. Some patients could go through highs and lows almost simultaneously or very quickly.
A person with “fast cycling” bipolar disorder will experience four or more episodes in a calendar year. The following symptoms are associated with bipolar disorder:4
One may feel restless due to extreme anxiety, which may result in hyperventilating also. The person might also feel extreme forms of happiness and vigor as well and not be able to know how to let out their energy.
There is not a single risk factor that guarantees one will develop bipolar disorder. Numerous risk factors often interact to cause the disease. Scientists have been conducting more research to identify the exact risk factors and causes, and some of them include:
Although there are several causes of bipolar illness, genetic factors are perhaps the most common. Bipolar depression is not a condition that people are born with, but genetics significantly affect how it develops.
Children with a parent or sibling with the disorder are more likely to have it than children who don’t have any affected family members, showing that there is a familial tendency for bipolar disorder when a family member is affected.
When one goes for a brain scan, results that match certain conditions might indicate bipolar disorder. Further research is required to determine the precise impact of these results on bipolar disorder and the implications for diagnosis and therapy.
The symptoms of bipolar illness, such as mania and sadness, can also be brought on by excessive use of substances like alcohol and narcotics.
Sometimes, a severe or very stressful experience follows a bipolar illness diagnosis. Although stress does not cause bipolar illness, it can set off periods of mood swings in certain people.
There are a few ways that doctors go about diagnosing bipolar disorder or bipolar depression. These include:
There are multiple different treatment options available for those who struggle with bipolar depression. Some of these are:
If you are experiencing symptoms of bipolar depression or you have someone diagnosed with bipolar disorder, we are here to help. We have experienced medical practitioners who can help you cope with bipolar disorder. You can choose any treatment options suitable for you or your loved ones on our website.